When the Royal Air Force (RAF) courier interrupted young Harry’s crap
game in London’s Savoy Hotel, the Canadian flier had little reason to
believe he would be alive in a week’s time, let alone finish his game.
Still, Flight Lieut.
|Young Harry Yates and the Handley Page bomber.
Photo courtesy the Yates family
When the Royal Air Force (RAF) courier interrupted young Harry’s crap game in London’s Savoy Hotel, the Canadian flier had little reason to believe he would be alive in a week’s time, let alone finish his game. Still, Flight Lieut. Harry Yates loved a challenge. Besides, the secret mission offered an opportunity to settle a personal score and, since he had only been given six months to live, Harry felt he had little to lose.
On June 20, 1919, Harry Yates was in London celebrating his recent London-Paris multiengine flight record when the courier knocked at his door. Three hours later, he was flying his Handley Page (HP) bomber to Lympne near the coast. At dawn the next day, he met a British Foreign Office agent and was airborne minutes later on a five thousand kilometre flight to Cairo. The Foreign Office official was Harry St. John Philby, father of the infamous Cold War era British/Soviet double agent, Kim Philby. Philby was being dispatched to Cairo to quell Arab unrest caused by British betrayal of promises of self-determination made by Lawrence of Arabia in exchange for their resistance against the Ottoman Turks.1
Harry was to leapfrog his way across Europe and the Mediterranean, arriving in Cairo in the shortest possible time. The previous London-Cairo record was 15 1/2days held by an Englishman, RAF Maj. A.S.C. MacLaren. Air Ministry ground support was promised along the way.
Harry had very personal reasons to attempt the record. Yates had been ordered to train MacLaren to fly HPs but had never been told the nature of the mission which, doubtless, he would have felt perfectly qualified to do himself. Second, he began to suffer chronic stomach pain while training in France. Eventually it became so severe that half his stomach was removed, and the surgeon gave him just six months to live. Harry was effectively operating under a death sentence.
|Dr. Harry Yates, DC
GOING FOR THE RECORD
Guy Simser, a Kanata, Ontario, aviation writer, used Harry’s journal entries to reconstruct events along each of the 10 stages of the flight plan. Promised Air Ministry ground support consistently failed to show, leaving Harry and crew to fuel and maintain the giant bomber themselves and costing them valuable time. His obstacles illustrate the rudimentary nature of flight in those days. The landing field in Marseilles was strewn with boulders which blew out two tires. During a quick lunch break, their map was stolen. Writes Simser, “With no direction beams, radar or radio in 1919, maps were essential. Improvising, they borrowed a local encyclopaedia and traced maps of southern Europe and the north coast of Africa.”2 On descending through cloud cover over Pisa later that day, they couldn’t find the airport and so, they used the Leaning Tower as a landmark.
Particularly hazardous was the flight taking them over the mountains across Italy’s boot. For Canadians used to flying over the relatively sedate landscape of England and northern Europe, the sudden appearance of mountain peaks and cliff walls was alarming. Harry called it, “the roughest trip I have had yet,” but would have to revise his statement the next day. The Greek leg of the route offered no possible landing sites so when a fuel pump quit with only 15 minutes of fuel, the only potential landing spot was a partially dry, rocky river bed. The landing was so dangerous that Harry and his co-pilot shook hands before making the attempt. Philby, cloistered in the rear cockpit, could only pray.
Harry successfully landed the giant bomber in the narrow fissure suffering only a broken tail skid and a punctured tire. Excited locals cleared a pathway of boulders for take off and helped lift the rear of the six-ton plane on their shoulders to make repairs.
|Colonel T.E. Lawrence, a.k.a. Lawrence of Arabia.
Photo courtesy the Imperial War Museum
The most eventful portion of the journey, however, turned out to be on arrival in Suda Bay, Crete. Nearing Crete, Harry suspected a cracked propeller when the bomber began to shimmy alarmingly. The landing strip was located in an extinct volcano and, when the exhausted pilot came in too low, Yates very nearly tore a wing off the plane. Examination confirmed the propeller was unusable, and a new one essential, or the record attempt was doomed. Serendipity intervened when Harry was able to cannibalize another stranded RAF bomber of its serviceable propeller. In the meantime, Philby came across Col. T.E. Lawrence, the legendary Lawrence of Arabia, who had also become stranded in the extinct volcano en route to Cairo. Lawrence had slipped away from the Paris Peace Conference, ostensibly making his way to Cairo to retrieve his notebooks, which he would later use to write Seven Pillars of Wisdom, an account of his First World War exploits. With the Foreign Office secret agent, and now the iconic Lawrence of Arabia, in tow, Harry had more incentive than ever to deliver his passengers safely and in record time.
Flying to to Lybia the next day, the crippled HP’s fuel pump failed. With no life jackets or lifeboats on board, ditching in the Mediterranean meant certain death but by noon they were over the vast desert of North Africa. After refuelling, with both crew and aircraft at breaking point, they pushed on to Cairo. On arrival, they couldn’t find the airport. The airport was finally spotted by Lawrence who had bellied out onto the wing to get a better view.
When the tattered HP’s wheels touched down in Cairo on the night of June 26, Harry had broken the 15 1⁄2-day London-Cairo flying record by 10 1⁄2 days. His new record was five thousand kilometres in 36 hours flying time, over five days, and would have been better if promised ground support had materialized.
HARRY YATES, DC
“In the ensuing years”, writes Simser, “Yates’s stomach responded poorly to medical treatment. Although he outlived, by far, his military doctor’s prognosis of six months, he found no remedy until he turned to chiropractic. Indebted, he became a chiropractor.”3 Yates became a major figure in the chiropractic community, serving in various capacities, including Canadian Chiropractic Association president and parliamentary representative, president of the Ontario Chiropractic Association, and member of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College board of governors.4,5 He maintained a lifelong interest in flying, however, and died en route to the Warbirds’ 50th anniversary reunion in 1968. •
- Pope LS. Another incredible journey. Sentinel, October 1968; reprinted in the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association 1970 (July);14(2):31.
- Simser Guy. A daring young man in his flying machine. The Beaver, 2000 (June/July), 80(3):11.
- Ibid, 15.
- Keating Joseph Jr. Flying chiros. http://drnikel.com/FlyingChirosPartIofII.aspx
- Pope LS. Another incredible journey. Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association 1970 (July);14(2):31.
Steve Zoltai is the collections development librarian and archivist for CMCC and was previously the Assistant Executive Director of the Health Sciences Information Consortium of Toronto. He has worked for several public and private libraries and with the University of Toronto Archives. Steve comes by his interest in things historical honestly – he worked as a field archeologist for the Province of Manitoba. He can be contacted at email@example.com.
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