One in four adults sought care for neck/back pain: survey
By Canadian Chiropractor staffFeatures Research
Respondents view physical therapy, chiropractic as effective treatments
WASHINGTON, D.C. – A new Gallup study highlights the extent to which neck and back pain affect American adults, with one in four reporting that they have seen a health-care professional for significant neck or back pain within the past year and nearly two-thirds (65 per cent) saying they have done so at some point in their lives.
These findings come from a nationally representative Gallup Panel study of U.S. adults, aged 18 and older, conducted via web and mail from Feb. 8 to March 11, 2016. This is the second annual Gallup study commissioned by Palmer College of Chiropractic.
“Many Americans reported dealing with significant neck or back pain,” said Cynthia English, Gallup research consultant in charge of the study. “Among U.S. adults who sought professional care for neck or back pain, seven in 10 (71 percent) tell us they have been to a doctor of chiropractic.”
The poll asked all respondents for their impressions of the effectiveness of five treatment options for neck and back pain: physical therapy, chiropractic care, prescription pain medication, back surgery and self-care. Roughly four in 10 U.S. adults (41 per cent) say physical therapy is “very effective,” while nearly three in 10 (29 per cent) say the same about chiropractic care. Twenty-two percent describe prescription pain medication as “very effective,” and 15 per cent say this about back surgery. U.S. adults view self-care as the least effective option, rated “very effective” by just nine per cent.
When factoring in those who consider each approach either “somewhat” or “very” effective, majorities of Americans perceive all five types of care – including self-care – to be of some value.
Americans are least certain of the effectiveness of back surgery, with 36 per cent saying they “don’t know” how effectively it treats significant neck or back pain. Nineteen per cent say they “don’t know” the effectiveness of chiropractic care – more than double the percentage who say the same about physical therapy or prescription pain medication. Americans are least likely, at five per cent, to say they “don’t know” the effectiveness of self-care.
All treatment methods for significant neck or back pain come with some risk to a patient’s health. In light of this, Gallup asked American adults to assess the safety of each of five medical treatments for neck and back pain: physical therapy, chiropractic care, back surgery, prescription pain medication and over-the-counter pain medications.
Physical therapy receives the highest safety ratings, with 68 per cent of Americans describing it as “very safe.” Chiropractic care is next, with 33 per cent of U.S. adults describing it as “very safe,” followed by over-the-counter medications (23 per cent), prescription medication (12 per cent) and back surgery (six per cent). All options except for back surgery are rated at least “somewhat safe” by a majority of Americans. While 49 per cent of Americans rate back surgery as “very” or “somewhat” safe, 37 per cent rate it as unsafe and 14 per cent say they “don’t know.”
Notably, nearly a third of U.S. adults say prescription pain medication is either “not very safe” (23 per cent) or “not safe at all” (eight per cent), possibly reflecting recent medical attention to the risks of opioid addiction. Less than 15 per cent of Americans rate over-the-counter medications, chiropractic care or physical therapy as unsafe.
Gallup asked respondents to think about their preferred treatment if they were to experience neck or back pain, assuming availability and costs of each treatment would be the same. Among five specific healthcare providers – a medical doctor, chiropractor, physical therapist, massage therapist or acupuncturist – more than half (53 per cent) of U.S. adults say they would most like to see a medical doctor about their neck or back pain. Ranking second, 28 per cent of Americans say they would most like to see a chiropractor, while far fewer would most like to see a massage therapist (seven per cent), a physical therapist (six per cent) or an acupuncturist (one per cent).
Neck and back pain affect many U.S. adults’ lives – a majority report having significant enough pain that they saw a health-care professional for care at some point in their lives, and one-fourth say they sought medical care for this type of pain within the past year. However, Americans’ perceptions of the effectiveness and risks associated with treatment methods for neck or back pain are highly varied.
Roughly one-fourth of U.S. adults say they have seen a chiropractor in the past five years, with more than half (35.5 million) doing so in the past 12 months.
Read the full report on the second annual study.
Palmer College of Chiropractic commissioned Gallup to design and conduct an annual, nationally representative study of Americans’ perceptions of and experiences with chiropractic care.
Results are based on a Gallup Panel web and mail study completed by 7,645 national adults – 7,023 from web and 622 from mail – aged 18 and older. The Gallup Panel is a probability-based longitudinal panel of more than 100,000 U.S. adults whom Gallup selects using random-digit-dial phone interviews that cover landline and cellular telephone numbers. Gallup also uses address-based sampling methods to recruit Panel members.
The Gallup Panel is not an opt-in panel, and members do not receive incentives for participating. The sample for this study was weighted to be demographically representative of the U.S. adult population, using 2012 Current Population Survey figures. For results based on this sample, one can say that the maximum margin of sampling error is ±1.8 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. Margins of error are higher for subsamples. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error and bias into the findings of public opinion polls.
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